Surah al-Ra'd 13: 19-24 (Nouman Ali Khan)
Watch Video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NbhkwGOSE0g
أَفَمَن يَعْلَمُ أَنَّمَا أُنزِلَ إِلَيْكَ مِن رَّبِّكَ الْحَقُّ كَمَنْ هُوَ أَعْمَىٰ ۚ إِنَّمَا يَتَذَكَّرُ أُولُو الْأَلْبَابِ
Then is he who knows that what has been revealed to you from your Lord is the truth like one who is blind? They will only be reminded who are people of understanding -
الَّذِينَ يُوفُونَ بِعَهْدِ اللَّهِ وَلَا يَنقُضُونَ الْمِيثَاقَ
Those who fulfill the covenant of Allah and do not break the contract,
وَالَّذِينَ يَصِلُونَ مَا أَمَرَ اللَّهُ بِهِ أَن يُوصَلَ وَيَخْشَوْنَ رَبَّهُمْ وَيَخَافُونَ سُوءَ الْحِسَابِ
And those who join that which Allah has ordered to be joined and fear their Lord and are afraid of the evil of [their] account,
yaSiloon - they are Connecting
yoowSala - what is to be Connected.
yaKhshawna Rabbahum - they are fearing [khashya] their Master
yaKhaafoona suuw'a al Hisaab -they are fearing a dreadful [suuw'] Accounting.
These people are fearing to be Judged by Allah, wherein their deeds and actions will be counted.
According to a Prophetic hadeeth;
laysa ahad yuhasib yawm al qiyamah il-la halak -
There is none who is questioned/taken to account on Ressurection Day except [he] is destroyed.
I.e. Imagine a teacher marking the students' work, and you are waiting impatiently, hoping that the teacher has not given you alot of X's [wrong answers] for your work.
If you were a good student always, the teacher will ignore your wrongs, and might not even look closely at your work. They'll give you a quick pass and say 'you can go through'.
However, if you were a bad student who didn't do alot of good, and you bring your copy. Your teacher will look closely at your work, and readily question you and why you didn't complete your work. Then you will be in trouble.
We ask Allah to give us an easy account without being asked, ameen ya Rabb.
This is the type of judgment these people dread to face.
وَالَّذِينَ صَبَرُوا ابْتِغَاءَ وَجْهِ رَبِّهِمْ وَأَقَامُوا الصَّلَاةَ وَأَنفَقُوا مِمَّا رَزَقْنَاهُمْ سِرًّا وَعَلَانِيَةً وَيَدْرَءُونَ بِالْحَسَنَةِ السَّيِّئَةَ أُولَٰئِكَ لَهُمْ عُقْبَى الدَّارِ
Those who stay patient in seeking their Master's Face, and uphold the Prayer, and they spend of what We give them secretly and openly...
Wa ya-dra'oona bi-il hasanati al-sayyi'ah - And they defend with good the evil.
These people will always do good if something evil happens to them:
i - if they have a bad experience with people, they will still be good or fair with them.
ii - if they face an evil time, they will turn to Allah in doing goodness. I.e. If you had a bad day at work, you will pray 2 rakaa'ah (units of prayer).
Ulaa'ika la-hum 'uqbaa al-daar -
It is especially for them, the final place.
'uqbaa [maximized female form] = the greatest last daar=place/home.
Ustadh Nouman explains that we always might buy a home and settle there, but we will always want a home after it some time later. Yet we know we will die, so we never feel that we truly have a final place to settle in this life.
So what is the final daar?
جَنَّاتُ عَدْنٍ يَدْخُلُونَهَا وَمَن صَلَحَ مِنْ آبَائِهِمْ وَأَزْوَاجِهِمْ وَذُرِّيَّاتِهِمْ ۖ وَالْمَلَائِكَةُ يَدْخُلُونَ عَلَيْهِم مِّن كُلِّ بَابٍ
Gardens of perpetual residence; they will enter them with whoever were righteous among their fathers, their spouses and their descendants. And the angels will enter upon them from every gate, [saying],
Jannaatu 'Adn = Gardens which are Everlasting ('Adn = [also means] Eden [Gardens of Eden]). This is a high ranked Paradise, and we know that there are many ranks. 'Adn is one of the high levels.
ya-dkhul-oona haa - they are entering it.
The people of Paradise are in different statuses:
1 - Nabiyyeen - Prophets
2 - Siddiqeen - Truthful, confirmers of the Prophets'.
3 - Shuhadaa - Martyrs, witnesses to the truth in their life and death.
4 - Saaliheen - the good-doers, righteous.
[this is the lowest rank]
(mentioned in surah al-Nisaa 4:69)
The people who entered Jannah (Paradise) at even the lowest levels are the Saaliheen.
When people enter Jannah, the Paradise - the people will be in different levels. Your family members might be in a different level to you, maybe above you or below you, or - and we ask Allah for protection - we might not be in the Paradise.
We ask Allah to be in His Mercy and Jannah/Paradise. So if we are at a lower level, and another family member is at a higher level, we will meet them. Whoever is at a lower level will meet the one above him and Allah will honour him by giving him a home in that higher Jannah/Garden.
Wa man Salaha min aabaa'ihim - and whoever did goodness from their Forefathers.
Ustadh Nouman continues; Imagine meeting your dad, grandad, and even your great, great, great, great grandfather who first became Muslim. You could ask him how and what made him convert to Islam. You could even ask about the family history.
Wa min azwaajihim -
And from their Spouses (husband or wives)
They will meet again in Paradise if they both were Muslims. And they will be happy with each other and have no arguments. They will actually enjoy marriage life there.
Wa min dhurriyaati-him -
And from their children/offspring.
You won't just see your forefathers, but you will meet your great great great great grandchildren if they were Muslims.
Maybe if you teach your children Islam nicely, the legacy of Islam will pass on down your children so one of them is a great hero of Islam, so that you reach a high level in Paradise because of him/her?
And the angels are entering from every gate (kulli baab)
Ustadh Nouman explains that these angels are the 'HafaDha' angels, i.e. The ones which would protect you -by Allah's permission - when you were about to get hurt in this life.
(yet other times they would not protect you when you might have done a sin/evil, so Allah told them to remove their protection from you. We ask Allah for His protection.)
So even these angels will enter from every gate and meet you. So you will be having a massive family party and recieving visits from the angels who were always close with you in life too.
سَلَامٌ عَلَيْكُم بِمَا صَبَرْتُمْ ۚ فَنِعْمَ عُقْبَى الدَّارِ
"Peace be upon you for what you patiently endured. And excellent is the final home."
Salaamun 'alaykum - peace be upon you!
The Angels will be saying this to you.
And guess who else? Allah Himself will be saying to you; Salaamun 'alaykum (Peace be upon you) when you enter Jannah. O Allah, make us the people of your Jannah al Firdaws, soon, with ease. Ameen ya Rabb.
But why did you get all this reward?
Bi maa Sabaroo - with what Patience you had.
The Patience you had in this life upon the truth, the patience you had with other people; family, friends, enemies etc. You were patient to meet Allah so you 'tied yourself down' [literal meaning of Sabr] to striving to see His face.
So on this Day, Salaamun alaykum! Peace be upon you.
Allah is using the Present tense, as if we are experiencing this right now. This is how close that Paradise is, we need just a little more patience. O Allah, make us of those who seek your face, who are patient upon it, and who enter the Jannah/Paradise Gardens which you have made known to us.
Fa ni'ma uqbaa al-daar -
So what an favourable final home!
We might think something is amazing, but Allah Himself is telling us that the daar of Paradise is the most favourable place to settle and live, forever.
O Allah, make us of the people of your Jannah al Firdaws, soon with ease. Ameen ya Rabb.